The primary objective of this course is to provide candidates with the tools and the skills needed to understand and analyze the underlying concepts and practical trade-offs entailed in public sector policies. This will prepare participants to engage constructively in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of public sector policies. The course examines policy options, with their strategic and operational implications, for the design and implementation of public sector finance in developing countries. It covers the nature and role of government in the economy, the size and structure of the public sector, externalities, public goods, public expenditure and resource mobilisation through different tax instruments. The course utilizes theoretical and empirical tools, placed in a comparative conceptual framework, to evaluate the impact of alternative interventions in the economy.